Report on the relationship between poverty and ethnicity in Wales

Joseph Rowntree Foundation logo

A Joseph Rowntree Foundation (JRF) study published in October 2013 focuses on the experiences of people in Wales from five ethnic groups – Bangladeshi, Pakistani, Polish, Somali and white British/Welsh.

The research included those living in a large city, the north Wales coast, the south Wales valleys and the countryside.

Key findings include:

  • There were marked differences in the levels and experiences of poverty amongst interviewees – not caused by ethnicity, but by where people lived and the interaction of their human capital, social capital, entitlements and attitudes, thinking and choices.
  • It is important to look beyond outcomes, which may be associated with ethnicity (such as higher levels of poverty amongst some ethnic groups) to focus on underlying causes.
  • Schemes to reduce poverty within particular ethnic groups need to form part of population-wide anti-poverty strategies.
  • Policies to strengthen social and human capital and extend access to entitlements are vital – for example, investing in early years provision and in public spaces.
  • Some targeted work would be of particular help for specific groups, especially English for Speakers of Other Languages provision and cultural awareness training for frontline staff in some services.

The research is part of JRF’s programme of work on poverty and ethnicity.

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Report on the future of equality and human rights in Wales

Welsh Assembly

‘The future of equality and human rights in Wales’ was published by the National Assembly for Wales in August 2013.  The report followed a short inquiry that considered:

  • How well the specific public sector equality duties are functioning in Wales;
  • The Equality and Human Rights Commission in Wales;
  • The link between poverty and equality and the socio-economic duty; and
  • Accountability for equality and human rights legislation in Wales.

The first recommendation in the report is:

The Welsh Government should seek primary legislative competence for the National Assembly in relation to the general public sector equality duty, so that if the UK Government ever repeals it, the Welsh specific public sector equality duties would not automatically fall.

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Click here for report

Lecture: What are the key human rights challenges in Wales?

The EHRC logo.

The Equality & Human Rights Commission in Wales held its 3rd annual human rights lecture, given by Baroness Nuala O’Loan DBE, on 2 October 2012.

The lecture attracted a wide audience ranging from public authorities, health professionals, criminal justice agencies, 3rd sector organisations as well as academics, and they joined in a lively debate around the key human rights challenges in Wales.

Some of the key issues raised included:

  • In order to make human rights ‘real’ we need to find small but significant examples of individual experiences. Here the EHRC’s digital stories were cited as good examples of providing the ‘human’ side to experiences.
  • We need to find a language to describe human rights that people can relate to and find a way to communicate this clearly and effectively.
  • Concerns were raised around human rights not being embedded in medical training and in the medical profession more generally.
  • There was discussion about disability related harassment and its inclusion in the strategic equality plans of public authorities in Wales. There was recognition of the 3rd sector’s key scrutiny role in ensuring objectives are delivered.
  • A fundamental question raised was how to change the public’s perception of human rights? For example the media portrayal of disabled people in relation to welfare reforms.
  • The forthcoming Police & Crime Commissioners were recognised as having a key role to play in relation to human rights in the most disadvantaged communities.

At the end of the debate the audience were asked to pledge to do at least one thing to promote human rights within their respective organisations.


Report on Disability Equality Duty in Wales

Welsh Assembly Government

In December 2011, the Welsh Government published the ‘Welsh Ministers Report on the implementation of the Disability Equality Duty’.

The report highlights just some of the work taking place to ensure equality for disabled people across Wales.

It will be the last Welsh Ministers Report on the implementation of the Disability Equality Duty. In the future, the Welsh Ministers will be required to publish an Equality ‘State of the Nation’ report covering all protected characteristics across all public authorities as set out in Schedule 19 of the Equality Act 2010.

Click here for link to report (pdf)