What needs to change? The over-representation of women, most ethnic minority groups and disabled people in low-paid, elementary occupations.
This is according to the January 2018 report (pdf) from the Equality and Human Rights Commission. This paper sets out what needs to change and who needs to take action to reduce gender, ethnicity and disability pay gaps.
The report finds:
- Some elements of pay gaps result from the choices people make about balancing work with other aspects of their lives, though these choices may be dictated or constrained by stereotypes about the roles people, particularly women, are expected to play in society
- Part-time work is predominantly low-paid work and therefore the choice to work flexibly inevitably leads to lower pay
- The Welsh Government has set clear equality objectives to identify and reduce the causes of employment, skills and pay inequalities
- In April 2017, the UK Government introduced gender pay gap reporting for private companies across Great Britain and for public bodies in England
- The Scottish and Welsh Governments already required pay gap reporting by public bodies.