Report by Tariq Modood on ‘difference’ and integration

‘Post-immigration “difference” and integration: The case of Muslims in Western Europe’ by Tariq Modood was published in February 2012.

In the report, Tariq Modood presents four different options for integration and equality of opportunity for all citizens. Some ethnic minorities may wish to assimilate; some to have the equal rights of integrated citizens; some to maintain the cultural differences of their group identities; and some to be free to choose cosmopolitan mixed identities.

Professor Modood argues that all of these approaches have value, and if citizens are to have not just rights but a sense of belonging to society the government should not seek to impose one particular option. No one approach fits all and none should be dismissed.

The report is the fifth in the British Academy’s New paradigms in public policy series.

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