Published in July 2017, the Marmot Indicators show that the rise in life expectancy is slowing with significant differences between areas. In his accompanying blog, Sir Michael Marmot writes that ‘the longest life expectancy in the country was in the richest borough, Kensington and Chelsea: 83 for men and 86 for women. By contrast, the lowest life expectancy was in the North: Blackpool, 74 for men; Manchester, 79 for women.’
Fair Society, Healthy Lives was published in February 2010. The report included some suggested indicators to support monitoring of the overall strategic direction in reducing health inequalities.
It concluded that reducing health inequalities would require action on six policy objectives:
- Give every child the best start in life
- Enable all children, young people and adults to maximise their capabilities and have control over their lives
- Create fair employment and good work for all
- Ensure healthy standard of living for all
- Create and develop healthy and sustainable places and communities
- Strengthen the role and impact of ill-health prevention.
Following on from this, The London Health Observatory and the Institute produced baseline figures for some key indicators of the social determinants of health, health outcomes and social inequality that corresponded, as closely as was possible, to the indicators proposed in Fair Society, Healthy Lives.
On the 16th December 2011, the Public Health Observatories released updated health inequaliy indicators for all local authorities and primary care organisations in England. Those indicators were published in February 2012. The Network of Public Health Observatories is now part of Public Health England and historical information can be found here.
The Marmot Indicators were updated in 2014 and 2015.